国家对一次性塑料餐具的限制? - 常见问题

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国家对一次性塑料餐具的限制?

国家对一次性塑料餐具的限制?

来源网址:http://www.rsoau.com 2020-01-15 17:31:46    

国家质量监督检验检疫总局(aqsiq)官员在北京推广使用环保餐具的新闻发布会上表示,“小食品盒既轻又重,又小又大,既简单又复杂。”一次性发泡塑料餐具以其卫生、保温、价廉等优点,在世界许多国家得到了广泛的应用。然而,它也受到越来越多的国家的限制,因为它的缺点,如难以回收和容易降解的自然环境。1999年1月,国家经贸委发布了《淘汰落后产能、淘汰落后技术和淘汰落后产品目录》((6号订单),其中第58项规定2000年以前全国范围内禁用一次性发泡塑料餐具,并提出了更换产品的要求。2001年,国家经贸委有关部门陆续下发文件,要求有关地方和单位停止生产和使用一次性发泡塑料餐具。2001年6月,国家环保总局颁布了《环境标志产品认证技术要求——一次性餐具》(hbc1-2001),规定了“不起泡、不降解、易回收利用的餐具”,如聚丙烯产品可以使用。

  "Small food boxes are light and heavy, small and large, simple and complex," AQSIQ officials said at a press conference in Beijing to promote the use of environmentally friendly tableware Disposable foam plastic tableware has been widely used in many countries in the world because of its advantages of sanitation, heat preservation and low price. However, it is also restricted by more and more countries because of its disadvantages, such as the natural environment that is difficult to recover and easy to degrade. In January 1999, the State Economic and Trade Commission issued the catalogue of eliminating backward production capacity, technologies and products (Order No. 6), in which item 58 stipulated that disposable foam plastic tableware should be banned nationwide before 2000, and put forward the requirements for replacing products. In 2001, the relevant departments of the State Economic and Trade Commission issued documents one after another, requiring relevant local and units to stop producing and using disposable foam plastic tableware. In June 2001, the State Environmental Protection Administration issued the "technical requirements for certification of environmental labeling products disposable tableware" (hbc1-2001), which stipulates that "tableware that is not foamed, not degraded and easy to recycle" can be used, such as polypropylene products.
  环保餐具有两套国家标准。两个产品类别的标准和指标,有一些不同,前者主要用于可降解餐具设置标准,虽然不发泡,退化但容易回收餐具,如聚丙烯,没有说,而后者已经清楚这类产品可以使用(因为世界正在使用中),只要75%的恢复可以获得环境标志认证。
玉米淀粉颗粒
  There are two sets of national standards for environmental protection tableware. There are some differences between the standards and indicators of the two product categories. The former is mainly used for the setting standards of degradable tableware. Although it is not foamy, it is easy to recycle tableware, such as polypropylene. It is not said that the latter has made it clear that such products can be used (because the world is in use), as long as 75% of the recovery can obtain the environmental mark certification.
  由于政府秩序不统一,全国对发泡餐具的禁制政策执行不完全一致。例如,北京市人民政府于1999年3月25日公布的顺序规则是限制销售使用塑料袋和一次性塑料餐具,要求加强回收,在火车站,汽车站、机场、首都文明景区(点)和酒店禁止销售、使用一次性发泡塑料餐具,处罚金额高达5000。上海市政府令84条,于2000年6月发出,提出“源头管制、循环再造、逐步禁止及鼓励代替”的原则,以管理用过的塑胶饭盒。北京和上海继续回收和使用泡沫塑料餐具。在上海,只要按照要求缴纳回收费,泡沫餐具就可以继续生产,这在一定程度上与国家经贸委全面禁止泡沫餐具的政策相抵触。
  Due to the disunity of the government order, the prohibition policy of foaming tableware is not completely consistent in the whole country. For example, the Beijing Municipal People's government announced the sequence rule on March 25, 1999, which is to restrict the sale and use of plastic bags and disposable plastic tableware. It is required to strengthen the recycling. In railway stations, bus stations, airports, capital civilized scenic spots (spots) and hotels, the sale and use of disposable plastic tableware are prohibited, and the penalty amount is up to 5000. Article 84 of the Shanghai municipal government order was issued in June 2000. The principle of "source control, recycling, gradual prohibition and encouragement of substitution" was proposed to manage used plastic lunch boxes. Beijing and Shanghai continue to recycle and use foam plastic tableware. In Shanghai, as long as the fees are paid according to the requirements, the foamed tableware can continue to produce, which is inconsistent with the policy of the State Economic and Trade Commission to ban foam tableware in a certain extent.
  同时,由于国家对发泡餐具的禁令文件没有明确的执法依据和处罚力度,因此给执法部门带来了一定程度的困难。
  At the same time, because the state's ban document on foaming tableware does not have a clear basis for law enforcement and punishment, it brings some difficulties to law enforcement departments.
  餐具生产企业的命运就是这样在遵纪守法和不守法中,在监督和放任中,被政策一次又一次的控制。
  The fate of tableware manufacturers is that they are controlled again and again by policies in the process of observing and not abiding by the law, in the process of supervision and indulgence.
  以上就是玉米淀粉颗粒对国家对一次性塑料餐具的限制规定的详细介绍,想要了解更多关于可降解餐具,欢迎访问管网http://www.rsoau.com
  The above is a detailed introduction of the restrictions on disposable plastic tableware imposed by corn starch granules. To learn more about degradable tableware, please visit the network http://www.rsoau.com

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