使用可生物降解的餐盒真的环保吗? - 常见问题

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使用可生物降解的餐盒真的环保吗?

使用可生物降解的餐盒真的环保吗?

来源网址:http://www.rsoau.com 2019-05-31 15:01:41    

  使用可生物降解的餐盒真的环保吗?

  Is it really environmentally friendly to use biodegradable lunch boxes?
  近年来,市场上出现了许多不含可生物降解材料的餐具产品,一些外卖餐厅在点菜时为顾客提供使用环保餐具的选择。但是当你选择可生物降解的餐具时,你真的对环境做出了贡献吗?
  In recent years, many tableware products without biodegradable materials have appeared in the market. Some take-out restaurants offer customers the choice of using environmentally friendly tableware when ordering. But when you choose biodegradable tableware, do you really contribute to the environment?
  首先,让我们来看看可降解材料:
  First, let's look at the biodegradable materials:
  可生物降解材料的出现打破了塑料=“一万年前”=污染的传统印象。顾名思义,可降解材料是在一定的条件下,经过一定的时间可以降解成小分子的材料。根据降解机理可分为三类:光降解材料、生物降解材料和光生物降解材料。
  The emergence of biodegradable materials has broken the traditional impression that plastics = 10,000 years ago) = pollution. As the name implies, degradable materials can be degraded into small molecules under certain conditions after a certain period of time. According to the degradation mechanism, it can be divided into three categories: photodegradable materials, biodegradable materials and photobiodegradable materials.
  在早期,可降解的成分或光敏剂,如淀粉,被添加到传统塑料中,而不影响其功能。在自然条件下,可生物降解的组分首先降解,从而破坏整个产品结构,这不仅有利于减少塑料袋的“满天飞”,也有利于加速难降解组分的降解。但这种材料并不是完全可降解的,可能需要很长时间才能完全降解。
  In the early stage, degradable components or photosensitizers, such as starch, were added to traditional plastics without affecting their functions. Under natural conditions, biodegradable components are degraded first, thus destroying the whole product structure, which is not only conducive to reducing the "flying all over the sky" of plastic bags, but also conducive to accelerating the degradation of refractory components. But this material is not completely degradable, and it may take a long time to degrade completely.
  接下来,我们将介绍可生物降解的食品盒材料在我们的生活中。
  Next, we will introduce biodegradable food box materials in our life.
  淀粉基塑料是我们生活中比较常见的生物可降解材料,比如一些一次性餐具。如果你有合适的工具,它的主要成分,淀粉,也可以由你厨房里的淀粉制成。
  Starch-based plastics are the most common biodegradable materials in our lives, such as disposable tableware. If you have the right tools, its main ingredient, starch, can also be made from starch in your kitchen.
  乍一看,生物可降解材料,
  At first glance, biodegradable materials,它看起来真的是零浪费,零污染,
  It really looks like zero waste, zero pollution.
  但事实果真如此吗?
  But is that true?
  想象这个场景,上午11点办公室饿你打开外卖应用,选择,选择一个比较喜欢的蛋煎蛋炒饭,比较重要的是你终于检查使用环境保护盒,突然感觉撞,今天又给力环保事业,那么你的一切照旧的一口蛋炒饭掩盖在比较近的垃圾桶扔,伸出大拇指,继续给你的行动!下班后,阿姨把公司所有的垃圾袋都收了起来,扔进了楼下的垃圾室。深夜收垃圾的卡车载着垃圾房里的干垃圾去…这就是故事的结局。你发现什么bug了吗?
  Imagine this scene, 11 a.m. office hungry, you open the takeaway application, choose a favorite egg fried egg fried rice, the most important thing is that you finally check the use of environmental protection box, suddenly feel bumped into Darai, and today to the environmental protection business, then your all the same egg fried rice cover in the nearest trash can throw, extend the thumb, continue to give you action! All the garbage bags were collected and thrown into the garbage room downstairs. Late at night, the garbage truck carries the dry garbage from the garbage house. This is the end of the story. Did you find any bugs?
                     可降解颗粒
  虽然你点的是用可生物降解材料包装的鸡蛋炒饭,但由于你的“喜”和“关”,你把剩下的食物(湿垃圾)和可生物降解的可回收午餐盒(可回收垃圾)一起扔进了一个干垃圾桶!然后您的可生物降解餐具将跟随普通的干垃圾车到普通的焚烧厂进行普通的焚烧发电。祝贺您为焚烧发电企业捐赠午餐盒(每日任务:焚烧所需材料的1/1)。
  Although you ordered fried rice with eggs packed in biodegradable materials, because of your "joy" and "shutdown", you threw the remaining food (wet waste) and biodegradable recyclable lunch boxes (recyclable waste) into a dry trash can together. Then your biodegradable tableware will follow the ordinary trash truck to the ordinary incinerator for ordinary incineration power generation. Congratulations on your donation of lunch boxes (Daily Task: 1/1 of the materials required for incineration) to the national power plant.
  那么,可生物降解的餐具比较终会放在哪里呢?
  So where will biodegradable tableware end up?
  目前,我国解决垃圾问题的目标是减少垃圾,回收利用和无害化处理。主要有三种方法:卫生填埋、堆肥和焚烧。
  At present, the goal of solving garbage problem in China is to reduce garbage, recycle and dispose of it harmlessly. There are three main methods: sanitary landfill, composting and incineration.
  可回收垃圾目的地由于大多数市民没有良好的垃圾分类习惯,在垃圾处理的源头,所有的垃圾都被放入垃圾袋,然后由一辆干垃圾收集车送往垃圾处理厂,在焚烧厂进行处理。
  Recyclable garbage destinations because most citizens do not have good garbage sorting habits, at the source of garbage disposal, all garbage is put into garbage bags, and then sent by a dry garbage collection vehicle to the garbage disposal plant for disposal in the incinerator.
  可回收垃圾目的地二。由于一些城市的垃圾收集和回收系统还不成熟,一些市民可以准确地将可回收垃圾、干垃圾和湿垃圾进行分类,但只有一种类型的车辆可以进行收集和运输。所以卡车把所有的垃圾混合在一起,运到工厂,比较后送到焚化炉。
  Recyclable waste destination II. Because garbage collection and recycling systems in some cities are not yet mature, some citizens can accurately classify recyclable garbage, dry garbage and wet garbage, but only one type of vehicle can collect and transport them. So the truck mixes all the garbage together, carries it to the factory, and finally to the incinerator.
  “这也是为什么大多数市民不愿意做垃圾分类的原因。他们认为他们的努力是白费的,因为不完善的收集和运输系统。”可回收垃圾目的地中国将环境保护作为一项政策,许多城市已经开始清理卫生系统。例如,天盈集团在上海市虹口区启动了“双网融合”试点项目,实施了可回收垃圾收集站激励机制,鼓励市民将垃圾分类。这样的良好气候,促进了生活垃圾的处理从源头到尾进入良性有序的循环。金属、塑料、纸张和玻璃等可回收物品要送到合适的回收工厂,湿垃圾得到有效的堆肥,而干垃圾焚烧则减轻了电网的负担。
  "That's why most citizens are reluctant to classify garbage. They think their efforts are in vain because of the imperfect collection and transportation system." Recyclable waste destinations in China regard environmental protection as a policy, and many cities have begun to clean up their health systems. For example, Tianying Group launched a pilot project of "dual-network integration" in Hongkou District, Shanghai, and implemented an incentive mechanism for recyclable garbage collection stations to encourage citizens to classify garbage. Such a good climate promotes the treatment of domestic waste from the source to the end into a virtuous and orderly cycle. Recyclable items such as metals, plastics, paper and glass need to be sent to appropriate recycling plants. Wet garbage is effectively composted, while dry garbage incineration reduces the burden of the power grid.
  事实上,到比较后,对于可生物降解食品盒是否环保这个问题并没有明确的答案,但可以肯定的是,垃圾分类是一件我们可以用手做的小事,但它有着深远的意义。特别是那些生活在垃圾收集、运输和处理系统完善的城市里的人,请不要辜负和环保工作者的努力,从现在开始改变习惯,做好垃圾分类!
  In fact, in the end, there is no clear answer to the question whether biodegradable food boxes are environmentally friendly, but it is certain that garbage sorting is a small thing we can do by hand, but it has far-reaching significance. Especially those who live in cities with perfect garbage collection, transportation and disposal systems, please do not let down the efforts of the government and environmental protection workers, change habits and do a good job of garbage classification from now on!
 

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